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B-52 Stratofortress

The B-52 is an 8-engine strategic heavy bomber which has been developed by the American company Boeing for the United States Air Force.
The B-52 features itself's by the large sizes, 8 engines (TF-33 low bypass) and no ailerons.
The B-52 forms the backbone of the USAF manned strategic bomber force. The first of this huge aircraft was delivered the USAF in 1954. After more then 50 years the B-52 is still operational and the USAF expects to hold them in service till 2040. The B-52 can fly high-subsonic speeds at high altitudes (15km) with the largest arsenal of USAF weapons.
As of 2014, the U.S. Air Force has 76x B-52H's operational (58x Air Force and 18x Air Reserve). From 2013, the B-52H's will be updated by the Combat Network Communication Technology (CONECT) program which includes new servers, modems, radios, data-links, digital workstations and Link 16.

Specifications

General  
Design organisation Boeing
Main secundary design organisations Pratt & Whitney 
Production organisaton Boeing 
Primary task Precision and non-precision bombing
Type aircraft Long range heavy bomber
Specials 8 engines
Length 159ft. 4 in. (48.5 meters)
Height 40ft. 8 in. (12.4 meters)
Wingspan 185 ft. (56.4 meters)
Wing surface  
Aspect ratio  
Sweep back  
Dihedral  
Performance  
Engines 8 x Pratt & Whitney engines TF33-P-3/103 turbofan
Thrust 17.000 pounds (each engine)
Weight (empty) 185,000 pounds (83.250 kgs)
Weight (start, maximum, MTOW) 488,000 pounds (219.600 kgs)
Weight (landing, maximum, MLW)  
Required runway length (start)  
Required runway length (landing)  
Cruise speed  
Maximum speed Mach 0.86
Ceiling 50,000 ft (15.166 meters)
Maximum range 14,080 km
Fuel capacity 141,610 kgs
Air-to-air-refueling capability Yes
Passengers none
Payload none
Equipment  
Armament Possible combination of:

- guided bombs (JDAM)
- general purpose bombs
- mines
- missiles
- cruise missiles

Of which at least:
- AGM-86B/C/D
- AGM-129A
- GBU-31 JDAM
- M-117 general purpose bomb
- Mk62 mines
- Mk82 general purpose bomb
- Mk84 general purpose bomb
Maximum weapon load 31.500 kgs (approx.)
Maximum G resistance  
Radar  
Sensors Possible combination of:

- Litening Advanced targeting pod
- SNIPER Advanced targeting pod
- FLIR
Avionics - NVG
Type flight controls  
Landing gear Quadricycle landing gear: 2 nose gears (each 2 tires), 2 main gears (each 2 tires), 2 wing gears (each 1 tire)
Usage  
Versions B-52A, B-52B, B-52G, B-52H
Manufactured 744
Crew 5; pilot, aircraft commandant, radar navigator, navigator and a electronic warfare officer
Costs 84 million dollar (FY 98)
Overall flight hours  
First flight 1952
First delivery 1954
Operational since B-52A: 1954
B-52B: 1955
Successor of  
Replaced by n.a.
Comparable aircraft Tu-95
Operators (current and future) Only United States (58x Air Force + 18x Air Reserve)
Main operators United States Air Force
Operational usage Operation Enduring Freedom (Afghanistan), Operation Iraqi Freedom (Iraq)
Amphibious usage No
Status In operational service


Origin
The B-52A was made his first flight in 1954 and the B-52B in 1955. In 1955 the B-52 was being delivered to the US Air Force. In 1966 the first 102 B-52H bombers were delivered to the USAF. There have been build 744 aircraft with the last, the B-25H delivered in 1966. Now a day, only the H version is still operational. The B-52H's are assigned to the Air Combat Command of the USAF which has 58 aircraft and the US Air reserve 18.
 

Weapons
The B-52 is capable of dropping the widest array of USAF weapons, up to 70.000 pounds of intern and extern weapons. It can be equipped with precision guided ordnance bombs up to 2000 pound ammunition, mines and missiles (modified to launch 20 cruise missiles). Thanks to be able of dropping mines the B-52 is capable of assisting the U.S. Navy in mine-laying operations. However it can also be used for anti-ship missions. One of the bombs the B-52 can drop is JDAM which is one of the newest and most advanced bombs in the US Air Force arsenal.

Electronics
For low-flying the B-52 is equipped with a special electro-optical viewer system. After 1989 all B-52 have been equipped with GPS. For night operations there can be used night vision goggles.

Flight Operations
By conventional conflicts the B-52 can also be used for strategic attack and maritime operations. With the giant overpower the B-52 can be used for psychological warfare. This is used in Operation Iraqi Freedom. but mostly in Operation Enduring freedom. The B-52 was also used during Operations Desert Storm, Operation Allied Force and the first Gulf War.

During the first Gulf war the B-52's destroyed wide-area troop concentrations, fixed installations, bunkers and decimated the morale of the Iraq's Republican Guard. During Operation Allied Force the B-52's opened the conflict with conventional missile attacks and dropped then purpose bombs and cluster bombs on Serbian Army positions and staging areas.

Technical Specifications
The B-52 can fly high subsonic speeds and has a ceiling of more than 15Km (49,212 ft).

B-52H Cockpit B-52H B-52A
B-52H B-52H B-52H  
 
 
B-52H B-52H B-52H Launcher B-52H
B-52H      
     
     
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Last updated: 10 August 2014